The FHA 203K program was designed to roll all financing into one package. The borrower can take out one mortgage loan, at a long-term fixed or adjustable rate, to finance both the acquisition and the rehabilitation of the property. The mortgage amount is based on the “as will be” (projected) value of the property and takes into account the cost of the work. The program also allows homeowners to include the cost of the inspection, an origination fee and the cost for a title insurance update.
(From an Akron.com article) First-timer homebuyers often scramble to find the funds required for the down payment. Cash for needed repairs is simply not available and it will have to be saved over time.
Given the drop in home values in many regions, the need for extra cash to close a home sale or refinance and then fix up the house spans all age groups and price ranges. For people without a job or on a fixed income, proper maintenance and repairs simply are not getting done. The home equity pot of funds is not what it used to be.
However, there’s an underused program that solves the cash problem. More and more consumers are discovering the Federal Housing Administration’s 203K program that provides cash for repairs and permanent mortgage (purchase) financing in one loan.
Most mortgage loans provide only permanent financing. Typically, the lender will not close the loan and release the money unless the condition and value of the property provide adequate loan security. When rehabilitation is involved, the lender usually requires improvements to be finished before a long-term mortgage is granted.
When a buyer wants to purchase a house that needs repair or updating, the buyer usually has to obtain interim financing to purchase the dwelling, then additional financing to do the work. When the rehab is completed, a permanent mortgage, which pays off the interim loans, is made. Interim financing often involves relatively high interest rates and relatively short payback periods.
Borrowers are not permitted to do their own renovation work unless the borrower is a professional in the specific line of work being done. All borrower-contractors must be approved by the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) before performing any work on the home.